Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen on Tuesday strongly hinted that he intends to step down as the country’s longtime leader when a new government is formed following a general election in July.
Hun Sen, 70, has ruled Cambodia with an iron fist for 38 years, and in the most recent election in 2018 he pledged to stay in power for two more terms, until 2028. Since then, he has often spoken of having his eldest son, Hun Manet, succeed him and appoint him to a number of high and important posts.
In December 2021, he explicitly stated his support for Hun Manet, the West Point-trained Cambodian military commander, to take office, but only through an election.
Hun Manet, 45, holds several other key security posts, and in 2018 already had been elevated from the ruling Cambodian People’s Party’s 865-member Central Committee to its 37-member Standing Committee, the country’s key decision-making body, making him a de facto member of his father’s political inner circle.
Hun Sen had been a middle-ranking commander in the radical communist Khmer Rouge in the 1970s before defecting to Vietnam. When Vietnam ousted the Khmer Rouge from power in 1979, he quickly became a senior member of the new Cambodian government installed by Hanoi.
A wily and sometimes ruthless politician, Hun Sen has maintained power as an autocrat in a nominally democratic framework. His Cambodian People’s party, with a stranglehold on power, is certain to top the next polls. It won all the National Assembly seats in the 2018 election, after the court ordered that the only credible opposition grouping, the Cambodia National Rescue Party, be dissolved for allegedly plotting the illegal overthrow of the government. The courts are widely seen as being political tools of the ruling party.
Speaking Tuesday to villagers at a hydropower project in the western province of Pursat, Hun Sen said the time had come for a new generation to take over.
He told them a fortune teller had predicted that he will die at the age of 93, but no one should keep working until the day they die, he said in remarks aired on his social media and television stations.
Hun Sen called himself the world’s longest serving prime minister, and said that if the time he served as foreign minister and deputy prime minister is included, his career as a national leader spans 44 years, “too long already.”
“Now we have found the young generation that will come to replace us. We should better hand over to them and just stay behind them,” he said.
Even when he steps down, Hun Sen vowed he will stand behind the new prime minister. He said the new Cabinet will be strong with veteran retired politicians like himself standing by its side.
Hun Sen said the new post-election government would likely be formed in September.