Punjab state police arrested Amritpal Singh, a separatist leader who had been evading authorities since last month.
Amritpal Singh has been advocating for an independent Sikh homeland and the secession of Punjab state, which has a history of violent insurgency.
In February, hundreds of Singh’s supporters stormed a police station in Ajnala with wooden batons, swords, and guns to demand the release of a jailed aide, which garnered national attention.
Singh surrendered to police after offering morning prayers at a Sikh shrine in Moga, according to Sikh religious leader Jasbir Singh Rodde.
Police have accused Singh and his associates of spreading disharmony, attempted murder, attacking police personnel, and obstructing public servants’ lawful discharge of duty.
Punjab state police appealed for peace and harmony and did not provide any details about Singh’s arrest.
Punjab suffered a violent insurgency in the 1980s that resulted in the assassination of India’s then-Prime Minister Indira Gandhi by her Sikh bodyguards at her official residence in New Delhi, which triggered deadly rioting by her Hindu supporters against Sikhs in northern India.